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The new ISO 9060:2018 standard. Do your pyranometers comply?

PV monitoring and meteorological industries prepare for revised pyranometer standard ISO 9060:2018


Do your instruments comply? Hukseflux models SR20 and SR30 do.

The ISO 9060 pyranometer classification standard’s “final draft” has been submitted to ISO in April 2018. This note by Hukseflux Thermal Sensors reports positions on which there is confirmed consensus in the standard working group; it also reports an update of the state of development. For sources, see the last page of this note (PDF). Contents reflect the “personal opinion” at Hukseflux concerning this upcoming standard. The proposed revision will have stricter requirements than the prior 1990 version. There is consensus that performance verification reports for temperature dependence and directional response must now be included with every individual instrument of the highest accuracy class. The IEC 61724-1 PV system performance monitoring standard requires compliance with the latest ISO 9060 version, so that requirements for the highest accuracy, Class A, PV monitoring systems also change.

向日葵视频成人appGood news for Hukseflux users:

  • installed base, present supply and future supply of Hukseflux SR20 and SR30, already comply with the new version of the ISO 9060 standard
  • SR30 also complies with IEC 61724-1 Class A - PV system monitoring system requirements as is, while SR20 complies with Class A when used with the optional Hukseflux VU01 ventilation unit.

Hukseflux’ suggestion for all pyranometer users in PV monitoring and meteorological industries:  

  • prepare to specify “Spectrally Flat Class A pyranometer” instead of “Secondary Standard”

Introduction

The 1990 edition of ISO 9060: Solar energy – Specification and classification of instruments for measuring hemispherical solar and direct solar irradiance –, is up for revision. The new 2018 version of the standard will be slightly different from the 1990 version. In fact, the standard is now in the FDIS “Final Draft” stage; only minor revisions are still permitted. Hukseflux believes the time is right to inform the industry of the key changes to the standard.

The new version of ISO 9060 includes:

  • 3 instrument accuracy classes, A, B and C
  • a special extension of every class “Spectrally Flat”, which is recommended for Plane of Array (POA), albedo, and reflected solar measurements
  • a new definition for spectral error (previously known as spectral selectivity)

New requirements are clarified for Class A (old name: Secondary Standard) pyranometers only:

  • individual testing of temperature response
  • individual testing of directional response

Many PV monitoring systems comply with IEC61724-1: Photovoltaic system performance monitoring – Guidelines for measurement, data exchange and analysis. This IEC standard is linked to ISO 9060. For details see the next paragraphs.

Getting prepared

Ask yourself:

  • do I claim compliance with ISO 9060 “Secondary Standard”? If so, are/were the instruments supplied with temperature and directional response test reports on an individual sensor basis? Under ISO 9060:2018, “Class A” instruments must be supplied with said test reports.
  • for PV monitoring: do I claim compliance with IEC 61724-1: Photovoltaic system performance monitoring? If claiming to offer IEC Class A monitoring, see explanation below.
  • do I have old instruments on stock? You may consider an upgrade, see explanation below.

    Additional preparations:
     
  • change product specifications or requirements: refer to “Spectrally Flat Class A, B or C pyranometers” and ISO 9060:2018
  • include “temperature and directional response test reports” to the specification of Class A instruments
  • change the “spectral selectivity” specification to “spectral error”

Why you need a “Spectrally Flat” pyranometer in PV monitoring and in meteorology

For PV and Meteorological industries, working from the WMO manual and from IEC 61724-1, specifying “Spectrally Flat” instruments ensures continuity of performance. In more detail: the new ISO 9060:2018 specifies the spectral error using a clear sky spectrum and horizontally installed instruments. A special “Spectrally Flat” category is defined for instruments installed non-horizontal, potentially measuring a different spectrum, using the old (stricter) WMO, IEC and ISO definition of “spectral selectivity”. The standard specifically states use of “Spectrally Flat” instruments for:  

  • reflected solar radiation
  • albedo

向日葵视频成人appThe same “Spectrally Flat” is essential for:

  • Plane of Array (including reflected) irradiance
  • diffuse irradiance (diffusometers)

More about compliance of pyranometers with the new IEC classification

A separate memo offers comments on consequences of the new IEC 61724-1 standard concerning the selection of pyranometers.

What does IEC 61724-1 require?

This IEC 61724-1 standard, in chapter 2, requires compliance with the latest available version of the ISO 9060 standard.

This means users claiming compliance with IEC 61724-1 “Class A monitoring systems” must take special care. In case you are using a ventilated Hukseflux SR20, or the latest SR30 model, you already comply. In the event another ventilated pyranometer is used, consult Tables 1 and 2 in this document or contact the manufacturer.

Table 1 Requirements of ISO 9060:2018 and IEC 61724-1 PV system performance monitoring

ISO 9060:2018
COMPLIANCE

ISO 9060:2018
SPECTRALLY FLAT CLASS A 

ISO 9060:2018
CLASS A

ISO 9060:2018
SPECTRALY FLAT CLASS B

Accuracy

high

high medium
Purpose/application

utility scale PV systems, Global (GHI), Plane of Array (POA) & albedo

向日葵视频成人apputility scale PV systems, Global (GHI) only

向日葵视频成人applarge commercial PV systems

Individual test of temperature response

required

required

not required

向日葵视频成人appIndividual test of directional response

required

required

not required

Examples of ISO 9060:2018 complying instruments

SR30, SR20

all ISO 9060:1990 secondary standard pyranometers with directional- and temperature test reports 

SR30, SR20

all ISO 9060:1990 secondary standard pyranometers with directional- and temperature test reports

SR15

向日葵视频成人appall ISO 9060:1990 first class pyranometers 

 


IEC 61724-1 COMPLIANCE

IEC 61724 CLASS A MONITORING SYSTEM IEC 61724 CLASS A MONITORING SYSTEM IEC 61724 CLASS B MONITORING SYSTEM

ISO 9060:2018 compliance required?

yes, chapter 2 demands compliance with the latest version of ISO 9060

向日葵视频成人appyes, chapter 2 demands compliance with the latest version of ISO 9060

向日葵视频成人appyes, chapter 2 demands compliance with the latest version of ISO 9060

Instrument requirements in ISO 9060:2018 vocabulary

ISO 9060 “Spectrally Flat Class A” with heater and ventilation

ISO 9060 “Class A” is insufficient: not suitable for Plane-of-Array (POA)

ISO 9060 “Spectrally Flat Class B向日葵视频成人app” with heater

Examples of IEC 61724-1+ ISO 9060: 2018 complying instruments

SR30

all ISO 9060:1990 secondary standard pyranometers with directional- and temperature test reports equipped with ventilation and heating

 

SR30, SR20-T1 and T2, SR15

all ISO 9060:1990 first class pyranometers equipped with heating

 

Table 2 Compliance of the leading pyranometer models in PV monitoring
BRAND MODEL ISO 9060:2018 SPECTRALLY FLAT CLASS A (SECONDARY STANDARD) IEC 61724-1 COMPLIANCE
Hukseflux SR30 yes class A
Hukseflux SR20 with VU01 ventilation unit yes class A
Hukseflux SR20-T1, SR20 –T2 yes class B
All brands ISO 9060:1990 secondary standard pyranometers with directional- and temperature test reports equipped with ventilation and heating yes class A

 

Read the full article here:

How to prepare for the revised ISO 9060:2018 pyranometer classification standard (PDF)