Albedo, also called solar reflectance, is defined as the ratio of the reflected to the global radiation. The solar albedo depends on the directional distribution of incoming radiation and on surface properties at ground level. Albedos of typical surfaces range from about 4 % for fresh asphalt, and 15 % for green grass to 90 % for fresh snow.
向日葵视频成人appAn albedometer is an instrument that measures global and reflected solar radiation and the solar albedo, or solar reflectance. Albedometers are increasingly popular in bifacial PV module monitoring. An albedometer is composed of two pyranometers, the upfacing one measuring global solar radiation, the downfacing one measuring reflected solar.
You may use one AMF02 albedometer kit and two pyranometers of model SR20 to construct an albedometer of Spectrally Flat Class A, the highest accuracy class according to ISO 9060 (formerly known as ‘secondary standard’). AMF02 may also be combined with model SR11 pyranometers to construct a Spectrally Flat Class B albedometer. The modular design facilitates maintenance and calibration. By taking the instrument apart you can use normal indoor calibration facilities for instrument calibration. SR11 and SR20 pyranometers are supplied with several outputs; analogue millivolts, 4-20 mA current loop and Modbus over RS-485 are the most commoly used.